1. What are the consequences of the first man’s sin (v 12)?
2. What difference does it make whether or not people know God’s commands
3. In what way was Adam “a pattern” of Jesus (v14)?
4. What words are used (in the whole passage) to describe the one thing Adam did, and the one thing Jesus did?
5. How does Paul signal (in the whole passage) that the grace of Jesus is stronger than the sin of Adam?
6. How does the one thing Jesus did affect all Christians?
7. In verse 17, who or what are the two alternative rulers of the world?
8. How did God’s law make things worse (v20)?
9. In what ways do we feel the pain of a world under death?
10. The Bible teaches that all this pain is the result of being in a world under sin. How do our responses to pain and death often ignore this, and how can we help one another to respond in a way that takes account of needing rescue from sin?
11. How is it different to say, “I sometimes commit sins” from saying, “I am a sinner”? Why is the latter so much deeper and more serious?
12. Why do we find it hard to believe that Jesus’ one act of obedience can change us from sinners to righteous? Why would our pride prefer this change to be done in some other way?
13. What difference does this teaching about a new humanity make to the way we treat one another in a church?
14. How does overflowing grace change the way we think about those outside of the church?
1. Romans 4 tells us that Abraham believed God and his belief was credited to him as righteousness. How would you describe the concept of credited righteousness?
2. What kind of belief did Abraham have? What did it take for Abraham to believe in God’s promises? Was this an easy belief in God’s promises or was it a deep belief that entailed actions? If so, what were those actions?
3. Can you think of recent ways that you have acted in faith when it was hard? Are you being called to do so right now?
4. Martin Luther coined the term “simul justus et peccator” (simultaneously sinful and righteous). How is this possible?
5. David’s sin left him to throw himself on God’s mercy. There was no sacrifice for what he had done so David cries out to God in remorse and repentance in Psalm 51:16 - “For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would give it; you will not be pleased with a burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.”
What does this teach us about how we too should repent?
What confidence does this give us in God’s forgiveness?
1. When was the last time you worked on your resume? What kind of things do you include on it? Experiences, character etc.
2. Being declared righteous is not just having your slate wiped clean but it’s also like being given the medal of military valour. What are your thoughts about that? How does that make you feel? How does that change the way you approach God? Is that a new realization for you?
3. Have you ever found yourself in seemingly insurmountable debt? Have you ever been “redeemed” from a debt by another person? Have you ever paid off a massive debt? If you answered yes to any of those scenarios, how did you feel once the debt was gone?
4. In Christ, your debt has been paid, through shed blood the wrath of God turned away from you and on to Jesus. When you accept that sacrifice God now looks at you and sees you as he sees his very own Son. What does that do to your heart? What does that do to your boasting?
5. This week we learned that forgiveness is a form of suffering. Have you ever suffered in order to offer forgiveness? How does this provide you with a deeper appreciation for Christ’s work on the cross and God’s sending of His only Son?
1. This week we looked at the fact that sin is literally “missing the mark”, a term borrowed from archery. Have you heard this before? What do you think of the statement that Pastor Jeremy made that said “it’s not the failure to shoot a good and productive shot but rather that the aim was off from the beginning.” How does this correlate to the sin in our lives?
2. We talked about repentance a few weeks ago but it came up again this week with a wider description. Repentance was spoken of as not only an acknowledgement of doing bad things or a failure of doing right things; but also repenting of the reason why we did anything right. What do you think the difference is? Why are both necessary for true repentance to take place?
3. How do you respond to the truth that God sought you out before you sought Him out?
4. A portion of time was given to the teaching that a proper fear of God is essential in the cure for sin. What does the fear of God mean to you? How has your understanding of the fear of God changed over time? See Deuteronomy 10:12, Psalm 119:38, Psalm 34:1-9
1. Talk about a time when you felt judged; wrongly or rightly.
2. Has the judgment of God been something that has brought you fear, anxiety, hope or confusion?
3. What are the sins that you are tempted to excuse in yourself while condemning them in others?
4. What difference does truly finding rest, hope and honor in God alone make in someone's life, do you think? Verses 6-11
5. Verse 15 speaks of how our conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse us. We are not able to come up with any sort of consistent law to be judged by or to judge others by. Have you ever changed your belief about something? Something you thought was wrong but now believe is right or something you thought was right but now believe is wrong? What does this tell us about God’s judgement and how we are ultimately made right?
6. At some point this week, read through the short paper on repentance by Timothy Keller and the prayer of repentance by George Whitefield. Pray accordingly. (link found on the website).
All of Life is Repentance
by Tim Keller
1. How has your bible reading been going during this quarantine period? Has God been teaching you anything in specific during this unprecedented time? Have you come to any new understanding of familiar passages?
2. Do you see the truths of these verses in your life before you were a Christian? Do you see fragments of this attitude in your life now?
3. Which “over-desires” do you most struggle with yourself? Have you ever been caught off guard by the strength of emotion (positive or negative) you have experienced over a particular situation? If so, why do you think you reacted or felt the way you did?
4. How can you ensure that the sinfulness of the world drives you not to self-righteousness but to the cross of mercy?
5. Romans 1 described sinful “over desires” or “super desires”. 1 Peter 1:10-12 described the “super desires” of the angels. What strikes you about that contrast? Does it surprise you? What do you glean from that?
1. In verse 5 of our passage, Paul mentions that one of the results of us receiving the gospel is “obedience that comes from faith.” Where can you see this in your own life?
2. Pastor Jeremy quoted Martin Luther in reference to verse 5 who said this, “We are saved by faith alone but the faith that saves is never alone.”
3. We didn’t really get around to talking about verses 11 and 12 in the sermon but Pastor Jeremy did mention them in his benediction. Read those verses together. What difference would it make if when we gathered together we were consciously seeking to encourage others? Do you allow the faith and words of others to encourage you?
4. In what situations do you find yourself being ashamed of the gospel? How could verses 16 and 17 turn that to eagerness next time?
5. How can your life become a conduit for the gospel this week?
Easter is the single most important day in the Christian calendar. Spend some time talking about why this is true for you. Or perhaps, it isn’t the most important day, Christmas (or something else) is. Why is this?
Pastor Jeremy stated 3 areas in which we need to encounter the resurrected Christ. He said that we need to be transformed in our mind, our conscience, and our heart. 1 Corinthians 15:3-9 highlights this.
Between mind, conscience, and heart, which led you initially to embrace Jesus as your risen Lord and Saviour? Was it the evidence? Was it the weight of your sin or your need for absolution? Or was it the heart, did you emotionally approach the throne because of felt love, or your need to feel love and acceptance?
Yet, we simply can not stay in that one place as we consider the cross, nor can we assume that everyone we speak with will need to encounter the cross in the way we did. In light of that, which area, mind, conscience, and heart, do you need to explore deeper?
Here is some conversational direction for the remainder of your time together.
Say, out loud in your group, which area you need to look at deeper in your consideration of the resurrection? Mind, conscience, or heart… or a combination of several. Tell others why you feel this way and see if those who know you well would agree.
Reread 1 Corinthians 15 together.
Now, allow some time for others to speak into each person in your group. Particularly those who have been transformed by Jesus’ resurrection in an area where you have a weakness. For example, one person may be emotionally transformed by the gospel, while another may bend the knee to the Lordship of Christ because of a predominantly conscience related journey. Feed each other, pray for each other.
In his sermon, Pastor Jeremy began with the acknowledgement that each of us (including him) are in need of the following truth...
We enjoy communion with God not because of our perfection but because of Jesus.
Do you believe this? What does this truth mean to you? What would your life, emotional health, relationships look like if the statement were put in the world’s terms, that they fail to enjoy communion with God (or whatever a person worships, because of their imperfection?
Holiness is what we’re called to, but it is absolutely unattainable on our own, because we don’t start as holy. In fact, we wouldn’t even know what true holiness is if we didn’t have God’s revelation of himself to us. If it seems like this topic comes up a lot in our conversations together, it’s because it is a main theme in scripture. The Lord providing for the sanctification of His people so they can be in relationship with Him.
Now, on the virtue of integrity, or the lack thereof, read the account of Peter’s promise to Jesus in Matthew 26:30-35, and subsequent denial of him in Matthew 26:69-75
What does it mean to live a life of integrity? What is the opposite of this?
Often the promises we break are relatively small. To say we’ll do something and then ‘forget’ or to make a commitment knowing full well we can’t follow through. Pastor Jeremy noted though that we should be a people of commitment. When we knowingly break a commitment we’ve made, what does that actually say about what we’re placing our hope in? Like we discussed last week, our actions say so much about who we believe we are, what God has done, and who He is. (Follow the chart from last week.)
So how was Peter restored? Maybe a better way to explore this is to ask what Jesus did to restore Peter (and us)? Because anytime we fail to trust the work of Jesus for our salvation in big and small ways, we break faith with Him just as Peter did.
Look at these passages and promises. Discuss the effect of each promise on your faith and life...
So it is clear, we have been saved from separation from God because of our sin nature, but we have also be saved FOR something spectacular… Mission!
Jesus said in John 14:15 and then effectively commanded and commissioned us all in Matt. 28:18-20.
So the demonstration of our integrity as Christians then is directly related to keeping our commitment to being missionaries each and every day! How can we live this out this very week in practical (proclaiming and serving) ways? Friends, neighbours, co-workers, our children? How can we hold each other accountable in this?
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